The Holy Monastery of the God-trodden Mount Sinai, Saint Catherine 's Monastery
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History
Old Testament
First Millennium AD
Second Christian Millennium
Beginning of the Third Christian Millennium
 

The Ottomans and the Holy Monastery of Sinai
 

The Ottoman conquest of Egypt in 1517 brought the Holy Monastery of Sinai under the protection of Sultan Selim I, and reunited the monastery with the Orthodox patriarchates, as it had been in the days of the early Christian Empire. The Ottoman rulers confirmed the prerogatives of the monastery and the Archbishop of Sinai. The Sinai dependency in Constantinople became an important spiritual centre in its own right, and the Orthodox Patriarchs on various occasions met there when they had need to resolve certain ecclesiastical matters. The example of the Sultan was followed by the Christian rulers of Europe, who extended their protection and respect to the monastery.

During the seventeenth century, the dependencies of the Holy Monastery of Sinai were extended, especially to Greece, and these played important roles in cultural and educational activities. This was especially true of the Sinai dependency at Herakleon, in Crete, which at that time was ruled by the Most Serene Republic of Venice. In the eighteenth centuries, Sinai dependencies were established in Egypt, Asia Minor, Palestine, Romania, Russia, Georgia, and as far away as India. These all served as important educational centers, promoting religious and spiritual activities.



Δημιουργία και Χορηγία του Τόπου: Ίδρυμα Όρους Σινά
Copyright © των Κειμένων: Ίδρυμα Όρους Σινά, Αθηνών
Copyright © Φωτογραφιών: Ιερά Μονή Θεοβαδίστου Όρους Σινά, Αγίας Αικατερίνης

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